DeafSpace, DeafScape, and Beyond: Universal Design in Landscape Architecture - 1.0 PDH (LA CES/HSW)

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Although disabled people make up the largest global minority, they spend their lives adapting to the built environment, which limits human experience, inclusion, and participation in the public realm. Through the lens of DeafScape, we will discover ways to design with the Deaf community, and beyond, through Universal Design.

Learning objectives:

  • Understand the Deaf community and disabled community and their shared histories, the significance of the ADA, and social model vs medical model of disability in relation to the built environment.
  • Learn the history and specific needs of the Deaf community, the development and application of DeafSpace guidelines, and their application to landscape architecture through DeafScape.
  • Learn to intentionally transform everyday thinking about who we design for, the urgency of including disabled people as stakeholders and experts, and how public policy can deeply influence Universal Design.
  • Learn how to identify and communicate, as an abled person, with Deaf and disabled people in the design process.

Alexa Vaughn-Brainard, Assoc. ASLA

Landscape Designer


Alexa Vaughn-Brainard, Associate ASLA, is a Deaf landscape designer in OLIN’s Los Angeles office, a 2018 Olmsted Scholar (UC Berkeley), and a 2020 LAF Olmsted Fellow. Her research explores methods to more effectively include Disabled people as stakeholders and experts in the design process and to make a toolkit for landscape architects and planners to use to create accessible and inclusive landscapes. She has served as adviser to the ASLA Universal Design Guide and is actively involved in OLIN’s People Lab. Her work in DeafScape: Applying DeafSpace to Landscape, originally published in Ground Up Journal, has been widely featured.

Danielle Toronyi

Research Development and Knowledge Manager


Danielle Toronyi is the Research Development and Knowledge Manager at OLIN where she curates OLIN's information resources and manages OLIN's extensive library and archive collections. She co-facilitates OLIN Labs, a platform for OLIN's research, development, and education communities of practice. Her research is situated within Universal Design and is focused on designing accessible sensory, particularly acoustic, public urban space. Her articles “Neurodiversity in the Sensorial City" (KERB) and “Hidden Geographies: Design for Neurodivergent Ways of Hearing and Sensing” (Cities & Health) were recently published. Danielle is a proud alumna of NC State University's Master of Landscape Architecture program.

Derrick Behm-Josa

Business Owner

C&W Consulting

Derrick Behm-Josa runs his consulting business in planning, accessibility, and digital media services. He recently received his graduate degree from the Urban and Regional Planning program at Georgetown University, with focus on housing, community and economic development. He has special interest in researching how the Deaf community can build agency through inclusive design and planning processes. Previously, he worked at Gallaudet University Office of Campus Design and Planning as a project coordinator and taught the DeafSpace Design Methodologies course. Through his experience and work, Derrick believes that the "accessibility" framework needs to continue evolving, rethinking how people connect within places.


Video: DeafSpace, DeafScape, and Beyond: Universal Design in Landscape Architecture - 1.0 PDH (LA CES/HSW)
Open to view video.  |   Closed captions available
Open to view video.  |   Closed captions available
10 Questions  |  Unlimited attempts  |  8/10 points to pass
10 Questions  |  Unlimited attempts  |  8/10 points to pass Successful completion of this quiz is required to earn your PDH for this webinar.
8 Questions
1.00 PDH credit  |  Certificate available
1.00 PDH credit  |  Certificate available